What are the causes of Atrial Flutter/Fibrillation?

Causes of Atrial Flutter/Fibrillation

  • Coronary artery disease including acute MI
  • Hypertension
  • Valvular heart disease especially rheumatic mitral valve disease
  • Thyrotoxicosis
  • Myocarditis
  • Cardiomyopathy
  • Pericarditis
  • Bronchial carcinoma
  • Severe Pneumonia/Severe pneumonia
  • Chronic lung disease
  • Pulmonary emboli
  • Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome
  • Alcohol abuse
  • Cocaine abuse
  • Idiopathic (lone AF): in case of atrial fibrillation


Source: 
Rapid Review of Clinical Medicine for MRCP Part 2 second Edition: Q-138
Davidsons Principles and Practice of Medicine 23 edition

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